People have pointed out that the several names of Denna are similar to Diana, the moon goddess.
The moon is ever-changing and thus its name differs like the wind’s name varying from place to place.
Denna is restless and changeable like the wind, she like the moon can be chased but never wholly possessed.
Lyra = lyre, the instrument of Artemis and Apollo. Also Denna’s first instrument is the lyre.
The stories of Iax, Lanre, and Kvothe seem to follow the Endymion myth – lovers separated by death; in death separated but in love immortal. The Adem story of Rethe and Aethe was similar where the fallen hero gains the victory.
Lady “Lackless” is perfect in the manner that the moon with its spots is perfect and Denna with all her faults is perfect to Kvothe.
The Lackless rhymes, though similar apply to different things. The one with lady lackless’s black dress implies some sort of Horcrux that grants immortality. The one about the seven things before the Lackless door is about the levels of security for a door that must remain closed to prevent catastrophe, the Cthaeh wanted the Amyr door opened.
Recall what Skarpi said - all stories being essentially one a.k.a Good vs. Evil; here, Cthaeh vs. Chandrian < Amyr or in other words Cthaeh vs. Aleph/Tehlu/Selitos.
There's a subtext in Skarpi's story about Lanre. The drama between Selitos and Lanre is a stage act from the point when Selitos sees one last city standing. Lanre says he will “spread salt” because the choice is between "weeds and nothing" ! The immortal Chandrian can always frustrate the Cthaeh – killing the few to save the many. Selitos’s curse ensures that their name is not taken in vain and thus their purpose remains secret.
Picture the Cthaeh as not just “Butterfly of Doom” but a computerized chess program bent on max destruction, it doesn’t get goodness, honour, or love but you do, so you play a clever game of tak to minimize damage and draw out the game.
Selitos comments that Lanre’s face is fouler for having been once fair, this is an allusion to Milton’s Paradise Lost. Adam and Eve are exiled because they consumed forbidden knowledge on the urging of the “serpent”; the Cthaeh poisons everything with dangerous knowledge.
By the by the Encanis in Tarpis’ story seems a scapegoat not really “Encanis” but a malevolent fae, who the fanatics use to convert people.
The Adem poem about the Chandrian is a clever mnemonic about how they work. It’s a chemical process similar to the draccus’ – producing flammable hydrogen from iron, deoxygenated water, and reducing solids, and a tolerance for poison buy consuming wood turning it to wood ash, and dosing on narcotic like ergot that infests crops. The draccus then builds an iron armour. The Chandrian respond to false alarms like the draccus and are drawn to them as if by lodestone. The Trebon episode has the draccus and Chandrian appearing synchronistically, this is a huge hint.
Scyphus - cup.
Stercus – compost.
Cinder – coagulating fluid.
Usnea – lichen on decaying wood.
Dalcenti – wood ash.
Alenta – crop disease causing fungus that causes narcotic poisoning if consumed. Maybe Ergot.
Haliax with shadow’s hame – like Lucifer once archangel now reviled arch villain bearing the burden of darkness. The boogey-man!
Bredon is Aculeus, he's Amyr and Kvothe’s grandpa; why?
1. Bredon implied that a person can have two titles, the same man can be two different peers. Why not him?
2. He is a tak player, this ties in with my Grand Tak Theory: Cthaeh vs Chandrian < Amyr. Also I like most people think he's Amyr.
3. He is pained by Meluan's "gift" of the wooden ring to the extent that he asks Kvothe if she gave it to him in person.
4. What seems grandfatherly/avuncular to me? He looks out for Kvothe by teaching him the ropes of the court. So yeah, as Aculeus he may be his uncle or grandfather.
5. The Cthaeh hinted that Alveron may be in association with the Amyr even without Alveron's knowledge, he spoke of the Amyr's door, does it imply the Lackless door?
6. Someone at the court/ Denna's patron is looking up genealogies and commissioning a Lanre song for Alveron. I hope that's not Bredon, but if he is then he's not just a sadist maybe but is training Denna to be a masochistic spy/assassin/courtesan, like Phedra no Delauney in Kushiel's Dart, maybe?
By extension the Lackless are Lanre’s descendants?
Calanthis are hummingbirds right? They mean endurance in symbolism and the royal family is very old. So if Kvothe poisons the one, it foreshadows that he kills other for Alveron in exchange for the Lackless door. Selasphorus is a hummingbird that feeds on mostly red high nectar flowers, so selas is such a flower that's of lasting beauty.
Auri might mean Aura – light breeze or halo.
The Eolian is named after Eolus greek god of wind.
There’s more – about the behavior of the moon and timekeeping. Say if I should post.